Study on pre-primary sections in government schools

Study on pre-primary sections in government schools

Analysis of national trends, current programmes and perspectives on PPS in government schools

The Opportunity

In India, preschool education services are made available through three channels – public, private and non-governmental organisations. The major public initiative is the Integrated Child Development Services, which operates through child-care centres known as anganwadis. ┬áThe other emerging channel of governmental provision in recent years has been pre-primary sections (PPS) in government primary schools. While there have been evidence-based studies on quality of service delivery of pre-school education at Anganwadis, there is a gap in terms of understanding elements of the PPS programme in government schools.

Furthermore, there are ambiguities in the policy, with Early Childhood Education (ECE) traditionally being under the purview of the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), as opposed to school education, which is under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). The question of including ECE under the Right to Education Act (RTE) is also relevant here, with various governmental committees and subcommittees studying this issue. In this light, there is a need for a consolidated perspective on regulation and funding of this segment at the national as well as state level.

The Project

CSF is funding a research study that aims to analyse national trends and perspectives on PPS in government schools and examine current programs in 8-10 states/corporations through primary research. This research will unpack the overall policy and funding perspective, current program structure, as well as linkages between pre-primary sections and Anganwadi centres.

Potential for Systemic Impact

The study has the potential to catalyse public discourse about pre-primary sections in government schools and identify intervention opportunities for different stakeholders. It could also enable policymakers to benchmark efforts against practices being followed nationally.

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