Benefits of Government of Gujarat’s principal selection process
|Definition of roles and responsibilities
||Gujarat has clearly defined the role’s expectations for cadre of new principals.
|Promotion and Direct Recruitment
||Merit-based selection through the two routes of promotion and direct recruitment in the ratio of 1:1 ensures that motivated and meritorious candidates at different stages of their career receive an equal chance based on merit.
|Transparent recruitment process
||The entire application, selection and placement system is conducted online and in a transparent manner, removing margin for manipulation.
||Schools with higher student strength are given preference in recruitment of principals.
||Gujarat has supplemented the selection process by designing an 18 day induction training programme for newly recruited principals.
Learning from other countries on school leader selection and training
Good education systems carefully select and invest in school leaders. Over time, countries such as China, Brazil, United Kingdom, Singapore and the United States have recognised the importance of school leaders in driving education reforms. While they have carefully invested in selecting principals on merit, they have also taken steps to provide them with the requisite autonomy to effectively lead their schools.
In the United Kingdom, those interested in school leadership are required to a take a National Professional Qualification for Headship (NPQH). The three essential modules covered under NPQH are:
- Succeeding in headship
- Leading an effective school
- Leading and improving teaching
Singapore continuously assesses its young teachers for their leadership potential through the following:
- Assuming educational leadership positions as part of teaching-career structure
- Serving on committees and promotions to mid-level leadership positions such as head of department
- Selecting potential school leaders to attend a Management and Leadership Programme in schools followed by a four-month executive leadership training programme.
Central Square Foundation is engaging with state governments to help them develop their school leadership frameworks. We have prepared a detailed note on merit-based selection of headmasters using national and international models as case studies. This can be accessed at Policy Briefs
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This note uses the terms school leader, principal, head teacher and headmaster interchangeably to indicate a person in a school leadership/ school headship role.